Esophageal Cancer: A terrible disease

All of us have habits, some are healthy and some are not. Oftentimes, the habits that we enjoy are the unhealthy ones like smoking. This is a bad habit that’s certainly hard to break. Have you ever wondered what happens if you don’t quit smoking? Obviously, you’ll get sick with a terrible illness that’s almost incurable. One of these illnesses would be esophageal cancer.

Esophageal cancer is a type of cancer in the esophagus. The esophagus is a muscular tube that’s about 30cm long and it connects the back of the throat to the stomach. Its primary purpose is to carry the food to the stomach for digestion. After the food is being chewed, it is transported down to the belly through the esophagus. The wall of the esophagus is comprised of cells and tissues, and it has a lid-like structure at the top that keeps the tube closed when there isn’t any food being swallowed.

At the bottom of the esophageal tube is where you can find the sphincter. The sphincter’s function is to prevent acid from leaking for it may affect the esophageal tube and the stomach. One of the reasons that contribute to esophageal cancer is when the esophageal lining acquires chronic long-term damage due to the acids. The moment this happens, the cancer will start spreading rapidly and it could affect the other organs surrounding it.

There are two different types of esophageal cancer; the first type of cancer is classified as adenocarcinoma which usually starts in the cell that is accountable for mucus and fluid productions. The other type is called squamous cell carcinoma which strikes at the lining of the esophagus. 

When the esophageal tumor has already exacerbated, the sufferer will have a hard time swallowing food. There are times that doctors are able to improve the situation and to lessen the victim’s suffering. If the doctors where able to alleviate any obstruction, the sufferer is now able to swallow solid foods. However, if it was not carried out and the tumor has already taken over the esophagus, the patient will opt for intravenous nutrition. 

The diseases that one can get from smoking can easily be a nightmare for anybody. Having esophageal cancer is one of those nightmares. If you do not want this to happen to you, you can find ways to prevent it and the simplest form is just quit smoking.